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SIMBOL-SIMBOL PRESKRIPSI LENGKAP

1 primary
2 secondary
< less than
> greater than
@ at
A.Fib atrial fibrillation
AAL anterior axillary line
abd abdomen
A/O alert and orientated
AKA above the knee amputation
AM before noon; time should be expressed in 24 h format
AMA against medical advice
approx approximately
ASA acetylsalicylic acid, aspirin
ASAP as soon as possible
ausc auscultation
auto automobile
BBB bundle branch block
BG blood glucose
BKA below the knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
BS breath sounds
BS=BL breath sounds equal bilaterally
BVM bag valve mask
C/A conscious/alert
C/A/O conscious/alert/orientated
c/o complaint of
C/P chest pain
CA cancer
CAD coronary artery disease
CCU coronary care unit
CHF congestive heart failure
CNS central nervous system
con't continued
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRIC needle cricothyroidotomy
CT critical, may not divert from hospital destination due to a patient's condition; for critical trauma requires transport to a designated trauma center
CVA cerebral vascular accident
DBP diastolic blood pressure
dc discontinue
DCF disaster control facility
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DOE dyspnea on exertion
drsg dressing
DX diagnosis
ECG electrocardiogram
ED Emergency Department
EKG electrocardiogram
epi epinephrine
ET endotracheal
ETA estimated time of arrival
ETI endotracheal intubation
ETOH alcohol
ETT endotracheal tube
exam examination
f/u follow-up
fl fluid
fx fracture
GB gall bladder
GI gastrointestinal
gm gram
grav gravida
GSW gunshot wound
gtt drop
GU genitourinary
h hour
H&P history and physical
H2O water
HA headache
hosp hospital
HR heart rate
HTN hypertension
Hx history
ICU intensive care unit
IM intramuscular
IO intraosseous
IV intravenous
IVP intravenous push
JVD jugular venous distension
Kg kilogram
L liter
lac laceration
LEMSA local EMS agency
lg large
lido lidocaine
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMP last menstrual period
LOC loss of consciousness
LS lung sounds
LUQ left upper quadrant
m min
m/o month old
mA milliamp
MAL mid-axillary line
MCA motorcycle accident
mcg microgram
MCL mid-clavicular line
mEq milliequivalent
mg milligram
mgtt micro-drop
MI myocardial infarction
MICN Mobile Intensive Care Nurse; also ARN, Authorized Registered Nurse
MICU Mobile Intensive Care Unit
ml milliliter
MOC Medical Oversight Committee
MS morphine sulfate
MVA motor vehicle accident
N/V nausea and vomiting
NC nasal cannula
NCT non-critical, may divert from hospital destination
neuro neurological
NKDA no known drug allergies
NPA nasopharyngeal airway
NS normal saline
NSR normal sinus rhythm
NTG nitroglycerine
NTI nasotracheal intubation
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OD overdose
OOC Operational Oversight Committee
OPA oropharyngeal airway
OTI orotracheal intubation
P pulse
PAC premature atrial contraction
para parity, e.g. gravida 2 para 1 means the patient has been pregnant twice and given birth once, also written G2P1
PAT paroxysmal atrial tachycardia
PCN penicillin
PE physical examination
PEA pulseless electrical activity
ped pedestrian
pedi pediatric
PERRL pupils equal, round, reactive to light
PJC premature junctional contraction
PM afternoon, time should be expressed in 24 h format
PMD primary (private) physician
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, difficulty breathing that awakens the patient from sleep or prevents sleep
PO by mouth
post-op post operative
PR per rectum
PRN as needed
pt patient
PTA prior to arrival
PVC premature ventricular contraction
q every
R respiration
RAS released at scene
resp respiratory
RLQ right lower quadrant
ROM range of motion
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription
S-brady sinus bradycardia
s/p status post
s/s signs and symptoms
SBP systolic blood pressure
SC subcutaneous
SL sublingual
sm small
SOB shortness of breath, equivalent to dyspnea
ST sinus tachycardia
stat immediately
SVT supraventricular tachycardia
SX symptom
T temperature
TB tuberculosis
TCN tetracycline
TIA transient ischemia attack
TKO to keep open
torr mm Hg, unit of blood pressure measurement
trans transport
Tx treatment
V-tach ventricular tachycardia
vag vaginal
VS vital signs
w/c wheelchair
WNL within normal limits
w/o wide open
wt weight
y/o year old
F degrees Fahrenheit